On AIRR 15: Germline databases or adventures into the allelic underworld with Dr. Corey Watson and Dr. William Lees
Dr. Corey Watson is an Associate Professor at the University of Louisville. His work focuses on characterising and cataloguing antibody genetic diversity in human and mouse to better understand disease susceptibility and clinical health outcomes. Dr. William Lees is a researcher at University of London. His work focuses on developing Adaptive Immune Receptor (AIR) reference sets for diverse species and the annotation of experimental sequence data.
In this episode we talk about the recent work by the Germline Database Working Group of the AIRR-Community. The accuracy of V and J gene segment assignment improves with the quality of the reference germline set. The accurate assignment is critical for characterization of somatic hypermutation. We discuss the challenges in creating a database to hold all relevant and potentially relevant germline information, especially in the light of increased discovery rate through technological advances and improved analysis pipelines. We also reflect on the complexity in handling personalised germline reference sets.
The episode is hosted by Dr. Ulrik Stervbo and Dr. Zhaoqing Ding.
Collins, Andrew M., Mats Ohlin, Martin Corcoran, James M. Heather, Duncan Ralph, Mansun Law, Jesus Martínez-Barnetche, et al. 2023. “AIRR-C Human IG Reference Sets: Curated Sets of Immunoglobulin Heavy and Light Chain Germline Genes.” BioRxiv. https://doi.org/10.1101/2023.09.01.555348
Rodriguez, Oscar L., Yana Safonova, Catherine A. Silver, Kaitlyn Shields, William S. Gibson, Justin T. Kos, David Tieri, et al. 2023. “Genetic Variation in the Immunoglobulin Heavy Chain Locus Shapes the Human Antibody Repertoire.” Nature Communications 14 (1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-023-40070-x
Lees, William D., Scott Christley, Ayelet Peres, Justin T. Kos, Brian Corrie, Duncan Ralph, Felix Breden, et al. 2023. “AIRR Community Curation and Standardised Representation for Immunoglobulin and T Cell Receptor Germline Sets.” Immunoinformatics (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 10 (100025): 100025. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.immuno.2023.100025
Jackson, Katherine J. L., Justin T. Kos, William Lees, William S. Gibson, Melissa Laird Smith, Ayelet Peres, Gur Yaari, et al. 2022. “A BALB/c IGHV Reference Set, Defined by Haplotype Analysis of Long-Read VDJ-C Sequences From F1 (BALB/c x C57BL/6) Mice.” Frontiers in Immunology 13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2022.888555
Ford, Easton E., David Tieri, Oscar L. Rodriguez, Nancy J. Francoeur, Juan Soto, Justin T. Kos, Ayelet Peres, et al. 2023. “FLAIRR-Seq: A Method for Single-Molecule Resolution of near Full-Length Antibody H Chain Repertoires.” The Journal of Immunology 210 (10): 1607–19. https://doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.2200825
Omer, Aviv, Ayelet Peres, Oscar L. Rodriguez, Corey T. Watson, William Lees, Pazit Polak, Andrew M. Collins, and Gur Yaari. 2022. “T Cell Receptor Beta Germline Variability Is Revealed by Inference from Repertoire Data.” Genome Medicine 14 (1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13073-021-01008-4
Rodriguez, Oscar L., Catherine A. Silver, Kaitlyn Shields, Melissa L. Smith, and Corey T. Watson. 2022. “Targeted Long-Read Sequencing Facilitates Phased Diploid Assembly and Genotyping of the Human T Cell Receptor Alpha, Delta, and Beta Loci.” Cell Genomics 2 (12): 100228. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.xgen.2022.100228